́ — , : , .

, Ironman Hawaii (Scott Tinley) , 1920 1930- , «La Course des Debrouillards» ( ). Joinville le Pont, Meulan Poissy. 1920 L’Auto, , Les Trois Sports, : 3 , 12- . . 1927 . 1934 Les Trois Sports ( ) Rochelle , : (200 m), (10 ) Rochelle Laleu, (1200 m) Andre-Barbeau. , , .

1930- 1974 , - () - . , , . (Jack Johnstone) (Don Shanahan), Mission Bay 25- 1974 46 . .

(2.4 (3.86 ) , 112 (180.2 ) , 26.2 (42.2 ) ) Hawaiian Iron Man Triathlon, Oahu Perimeter Relay ( ) 1977 . Mid-Pacific Road Runners Waikiki Swim Club, , . , (John Collins) Sports Illustrated, , , , - , . , , , , 19741975 . San Diego Track Club Mission Bay (), Optimist Sports Fiesta Triathlon . , , , : Waikiki Roughwater Swim (2.4 /3.862 ), Around-Oahu Bike Race (115 ; ) Hanolulu (26.219 /42.195 ). , 3 . , : 2.4 ! 112 ! 26.2 ! !. , , , , Iron Man ( ). 18- 1978 , , Ironman (Gordon Haller), 11 , 46 58 .

. 1.5 /40 /10 , (Jim Curl) 80- , -, (Carl Thomas), (USTS) 1982 1997. USTS . Hawaii Ironman Triathlon , , Ironman Triathlon.

1981 , , 1985 , . . 1990 . -.

(ITU) 1989 , . , ITU Ironman Triathlon. , Hawaii Ironman , ITU. ITU , , . 2000 ( 1500 , 40- , 10 ). (.) 1989 , (.) 1991 . ITU ( + ), ( + + ), ( + + ), .

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